The Carpatho–Dukla Operation is acknowledged as one of the biggest mountain battles of the Second World War and the beginning of the liberation of Slovakia from the Nazi power. It was carried out in the north-eastern Slovakia, Autumn 1944. Its purpose was to join the insurgents of the Slovak National Uprising with Soviet army. After the uprising was quelled in the mountains, the operation lost its foundations and was finished.
The Carpatho–Dukla Operation is the name of the manoeuvre which was supposed to liberate the Soviet and Czechoslovakian army. The purpose was to overcome German defensive uprising in Krosno, crossing the border of the country in the Dukla Pass and proceeding in the direction of Svidnik, Prešov.
After failures on the 8th September 1944, at last the first line of German defence was beaten and on the 20th September the second line was defeated as well. Battles and liberation of the town of Dukla remained and on the 6th October Soviet and Czechoslovakian soldiers also captured the Dukla Pass. That day was declared the Day of the Czechoslovakian Army.
However, the Soviet division did not manage to implement the plans and to conquer Svidnik. At that time German forces defeated the group of insurgents in the Central Slovakia and the command of the 1. Ukraine front decided about suspending the Carpatho-Dukla operation.
Several dozen of soldiers lost their lives in the Carpatho-Dukla operation (it is estimated that it was around 52000 people) and that 88000 were wounded. They were commemorated in the erection of the monument of Czechoslovakian Soldiers in the Svidnik district.