Traditional grapevine cultivation in Poland

Grapevine was cultivated in Poland already in the ancient times, what is proved by the excavations near Wawel, estimated by the archaeologists for the IX centuryAD. read more

Grapevine was cultivated in Poland already in the ancient times, what is proved by the excavations near Wawel, estimated by the archaeologists for the IX centuryAD. Cultivation of the grapevine came to Poland together with Christianity and the Benedictines and Cistercians are considered to be the precursors of the wine making. They cultivated grapevines in their monastic households, mainly for the liturgical needs. Grapevine reached the Małopolska region from the Great Moravia state. One of the most important wine making centres in the souther Poland was the Tyniec abbey. Later on the vineyards were also being created near the hospitals, as wine was considered to be a medicine useful in treating various diseases. The period of XIV-XV century is considered to be the one when wine making was at the height of its fame, when wine became a very important trade article and when even the townspeople were cultivating the grapevine. The areas for cultivations were bigger and the consumption of wine increased as it was consumed at the same level as beer and honey.

In XVI century the regress of the wine producing took place and it was caused by the import of cheap wines from the south of Europe as well as by the frosty winters and cold summers. The historical maelstrom and war conflagrations led in XVII to the collapse of Polish vineyards and the tradition of wine making in Poland is only reminded by the names of the towns: Winnica, Winiary, Winna Góra, Moszczenica and other grape fruit visible in the coat of arms. However, in the recent years we have been observing the revitalization of the viticulture in Poland – particularly in the Podkarpacie and Małopolska regions. It is connected to for example the great amount of the sunlit slopes suitable for grapevine cultivation, good climate and soil conditions, the interest in viticulture, searching for new income sources in farming, getting to know the cultivation and wine making thanks to overseas trips and trainings, availability of different grapevine varieties, increase of consumers' knowledge about the health qualities of wine and the change in the culture of drinking alcoholic drinks.

We do not drink wine in order to experience the effect of alcohol, but we drink it to enjoy its taste, look and its taste. Wine is an alcoholic drink that brings people together, makes people smile and has a positive influence on our health.

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