Partisan brigade Kriváň

Partisan brigade Kriváň came into being at the beginning of September 1944 and it comprised of Slovak soldiers and partisans from the Belov-Kovalenko and Sergej groups. read more

Partisan brigade Kriváň came into being at the beginning of September 1944 and it comprised of Slovak soldiers and partisans from the Belov-Kovalenko and Sergej groups. Together they occupied Slovak villages, fought against German soldiers, but they have never managed to penetrate the Soviet Army.

In 1944 in the Slovak mountains were few partisan groups that also communicated with Slovak soldiers. These people, on the other hand, were preparing a defense against Germans in the Carpathians and according to plan they were going to join the insurgents of the Slovak National Uprising. German Army tried to not let for that plan to be implemented. Nevertheless, Slovak commanders in cooperation with soldiers managed to run away and to join the partisans. In this way, the partisan brigade Kriváň came into being and it comprised of Slovak soldiers and partisans from the Belov-Kovalenko and Sergej groups.

Transitions to the Soviet Army was not successful

The brigade numbered 390 men, 83 horses and 6 cannons. At the beginning of September, it occupied 12 villages from Snina up to Medzilaborce and tried to get to Soviet Army through the Lupkov Pass. The only groups that succeeded were Belov-Kovalenko and Sergej, since the Kriváň was separated by Germans and only 250 soldiers managed to get to the top of Kyjov. The brigade became the coordinator of the action at the end of October. Its aim was to occupy the villages at the foot of Vihorlat and gaining control over the road of Sobrance – Michalovce and creating proper conditions for the occupation of the town of Michalovce. Partisan detachments occupied 7 towns and on the 28 October they raised Czechoslovakian flag in the town of Vinné. Germans interrupted the action and partisans run away to the mountains. At the beginning of November Germans attacked the Kriváň brigade and as a result disabled its transition to the Soviet Army. 140 soldiers survived and 60 joined the Tower partisans. The remaining 80 soldiers fought against Germans, but most of them were killed in a fight.

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