High Tatras, which surface is 341 km2 are the highest mountain range in Slovakia and Poland. Circa 3/4 of the mountains of typical Alpine character spreads out to the Slovakian site of the Carpathians. The border in the south with Podtatranská dale, in the north with Spišská Magura, in the east with Belianske Tatry and in the west with Kôprová , which separates the High Tatras form the Western Tatras. The range's highest peak is Gerlach (2654 above sea level).
The terrain's bass-relief was formed by glaciers, which shaped the glacier valleys with broad cirque, where high-mountain lakes (ponds) were formed. The biggest lake in High Tatras is Veľké Hincovo pleso of 20 ha surface.
The unique fauna and flora of the environment of High Tatras, the high-mountain character and the glacial bas-relief were important arguments to establish The Tatry National Park (TNP) in 1948.
The most famous symbol of High Tatras, the chamois, together with other protected animals have lived in the central range since the Ice Age. In February 1993 TNP was announced the reservation of biosphere and put on the UNESCO heritage list.
The tourists are mostly attracted by Belianska Cave with infiltrations used to speleoclimatic treatments. Thanks to fresh and clean mountain air, such villages as Štrbské Pleso, Vyšné Hágy, Tatranská Polianka and Smokovec became the spa centres, which prevent and treat the upper respiratory tract.
The oldest document with the name Tatry (Tritri) is the act of teh German emperor Henry IV from 1086.