Slovakia is a country famous for its beautiful nature, where they are living twenty-eight thousand species of interesting animals and more than eleven thousand species of plants. The main endemic plant is daphne which grows only on the Muranska Plain and onosma occurring in the Slovak Karst, and the animals, such as Tatra chamois, whistler or Carpathian newt. These species also belong to the European network of protected areas of the Natura 2000.
The Natura 2000 is consequent to standards and directives. Slovakia committed itself to meet the obligations in the time of accession to the European Union in 2004. In the field of conservation and nature the are two directives:
1. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council 009/147/WE of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds, which sets the so-called protected bird areas. There are 81 species of free-living birds that live there that are also valuable for the European Union.
2. Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (Directive on biotopes), on the basis of which there are defined the areas of European importance.
The purpose of the Directives is to protect rare and endangered species of plants and animals, as well as to improve their conditions of life and growth. As part of the Natura 2000 Program there are implemented appropriate management methods in order to retain these species and biotopes. The Natura 2000 areas are demarcated within biogeographic regions which, in the European Union, are 9 in total. In Slovakia there is a biogeographic region of Pannonian and Alpine which also includes the Prešov Region.