The citizens of Małopolska region admire them, whole Poland admires them. Anyone else? Europe? Not enough! The whole world! As much as 8 objects on Malopolska territory are parts of UNESCO Cultural and Natural World Heritage. Humans have shown their genius, talents, unusual sensitivity and intuition in creating for centuries. What have they created? Houses, settlements and cities, big and marvelous buildings, pictures, sculptures, art, science, inventions, tools and machines. These all are the proofs of past ages, cultures and traditions and is the heritage of our ancestors. Not everything has survived, in some cases only few relics have survived, which we have to protect and this is the main purpose of establishing UNESCO.
UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization was established on the 16th of November 1945. Tough experiences of totalitarian systems changed states’ attitude towards war and peace and the vision of the world based on international cooperation became the dominating one.
This is why UNESCO coordinates the actions supporting the development of international cultural, educational and scientific cooperation. It mobilizes international community to common actions. It’s main aim is to promote peace in the world, respecting democracy and human rights, no matter the colour of skin, social status or religion. It is impossible without promoting the need of dialogue between nations and civilizations. Thanks to this exchange of thoughts and information the future generations will be able to benefit from the heritage created by contemporary people. Convention concerning the Protection of the world cultural and natural heritage signed in Paris in 1972, let to establishment of the prestigious World Heritage List.
The places put on the List are “the highest quality” common goods of humanity. World heritage is culturally diversified and includes the natural wealth of all the regions of the world. Our common goal is particular care and protection of these places, as well as taking care of preserving their possibly unchanged shape for future generations.
A condition to be put on the World Heritage List is meeting a one or several requirements, which prove its world-wide uniqueness. Currently, the list includes 936 places in 153 countries: 725 cultural objects, 183 natural places, and 28 places of both cultural and natural character. The List of World Heritage in Danger includes 35 places.
Małopolska UNESCO Route
Each place on this route is unique in its own way. The Commission, which examined the history of those places in great detail, confirmed their prominence by putting them on the List. Let’s follow the genius of a man.