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Carpathian wine trail

The history of wine is as old as the hills. Grapevines in Europe and Middle East could be found in the wild state from the dawn of history and the method of getting the fermented drink from its fruits reaches the oldest times. read more

The history of wine is as old as the hills. Grapevines in Europe and Middle East could be found in the wild state from the dawn of history and the method of getting the fermented drink from its fruits reaches the oldest times. First traces of wine culture from before the 6000 years BCE were found in Caucasus and Mesopotamia. Around 1500 years later the wine was produced in Babylonia and Assyria and the ancient Egypt. Phoenicians contributed to the propagated the production of wine in the region of The Mediterranean Sea (around 1100 BCE). In ancient Greece (around 750 BCE) wine was the national drink, the subject of legends and literary works of art. This drink was supposed to be created from the tears of Dionysus who became the god of the wine and fertility. For the consumption it was mixed with water in the 1/5 or half-half proportion. Greek wines were highly valued by Romans. However, they quickly worked out the methods of wine making and popularized them in the Balkans region, in Spain and Germany. After the decline of the Roman Empire in the early Middle Age wine started loosing its importance. It became appreciated again in the period of the development of Christianity, thanks to for example monasteries that created the best known vineyards in Europe.


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